Passive voice dan Active voice

Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif) adalah kalimat yang subject-nya dikenai suatu pekerjaan atau menderita suatu. Dengan kata lain subject kalimat tersebut menjadi sasaran kegiatan yang dinyatakan oleh kata kerja. Dalam bahasa indonesia ciri-ciri kalimat pasif adalah kata kerjanya yang berawalan dengan “di-“ dan beberapa lagi memiliki awalan “ter-“ (tergantung pada konteks kalimat).

Active Voice (Kalimat Aktif) adalah kalimat yang subject-nya berbuat sesuatau atau melakukan suatu pekerjaan. Dalam bahasa indonesia ciri-ciri kalimat aktif adalah kata kerjanya selalu berawalan “me-“ dan beberapa lagi memiliki awalan “ber-“.

Bentuk dari Passive Voice (kalimat pasif) adalah : TO BE / BE + VERB 3
 Dalam bentuk kalimat pasif, biasanya diikuti dengan frase by.

Betuk active voice = Subject (yang melakukan aksi) + verb + object (yang menerima aksi )

Bentuk passive voice = subject (menerima perlakuan) + auxaliry verb + past participle + object(melakukan perlakuan)

  1. Present
  2. Simple Present

Aktif : S + V1 + O

Pasif : O + tobe + V3

Contoh

  1. I eat that cake. => That cake is eatean (by me).
  2. She breaks the vase. => The vase is broken (by her).

*kata dalam kurung boleh digunakan atau tidak.

  1. Present Future

Aktif : S + will + V1 + O

Pasif : O + Will + be + V3

Contoh :

  1. I will do the homework. => The homework will be done (by me).
  2. My boss will accept my plan. => My plan will be accepted (by my boss).
  1. Present Perfect

Aktif : S + Have/Has + V3 + O

Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + V3

Contoh :

  1. You have taken the pencil. => The pencil has been taken (by you).
  2. He has written a letter. => A letter has been written (by him).
  1. Present Continuous

Aktif : S + tobe + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + tobe + being + V3

Contoh :

  1. They are destroying that big building. => That big building is being destroyed.
  2. He is eating a huge cake. => A huge cake is being eaten.
  1. Present Future Perfect

Aktif : S + Will + Have + V3 + O

Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + V3

Contoh :

  1. We will have finished all the tasks. => All the tasks will have been finished (by us).
  2. Next month, he will have finished his paper. => Next month, his paper will have been finished (by him).
  1. Present Future Continuous

Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing

Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3

Contoh :

  1. I will have been cooking the dinner soon. => The dinner will have been being cooked soon (by me).
  2. I’m sure my boss will have been firing me. => I’m sure I will have been being fired (by my boss).
  3. Present Perfect Continuous

Aktif : S + Have/Has + been + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + being + V3

Contoh :

  1. I have been fixing your phone. => Your phone has been being fixed (by me).
  2. She has been eating all cakes. => All cakes have been being eaten (by her).
  1. Present Future Perfect Continuous

Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3

Contoh :

  1. They will have been killing me. => I will have been being killed (by them).
  2. She will have been telling me the truth. => The truth will have been being told (by her).

Ubah ke passive sentences !

  1. He will change the answer -> The answer will be changed by him
  2. Somebody has invited you to dinner tomorrow evening -> you have been invited to dinner tomorrow evening by somebody
  3. He took the medicine -> the medicine was taken by him
  4. People make Honda in japan -> Honda is made in Japan by people
  5. He hurt his leg in the accident -> His leg was hurt in the accident by him
  6. Will she write the letter ? -> will the letter be written by her?
  7. She does not write th letter -> the letter is not written by her
  8. Someone has broken two of my dinner plates -> Two of my dinner plates have been broken by someone
  9. People formerly used the tower of London as a prison -> the tower of London was formerly used as a person by people
  10. People built this bridge about five years ago -> this bridge was built about five years ago by people
  1. Ubah ke active sentences !
  1. This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here -> She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here
  2. They would be being met by him -> He would be meeting them
  3. They were met by him yesterday -> He met them yesterday
  4. They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow -> He will have met them before I get there tomorrow.
  5. They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow.-> He will have met them before I get there tomorrow.
  6. This sort of advertisement is seen everywhere.-> One sees this sort of advertisement everywhere.
  7. They would be being met by him.-> He would be meeting them
  8. My husband would have been climbing the wall.-> The wall would have been being climbed (by my husband).
  9. My wife would have been driving the car. – > The car would have been being driven (by my wife).
  10. My cat had been eating your fish.-> Your fish had been being eaten (by my cat).

Sumber :

http://www.caramudahbelajarbahasainggris.net/2014/04/10-soal-bahasa-inggris-tentang-passive-voice-dan-jawaban.html

http://debalthazar.blogspot.com/2011/10/cara-mengubah-active-voice-menjad.html

http://windamanajemen.blogspot.com/2011/02/bahasa-inggris-soal-active-passive.html

http://hindayani.com/bentuk-dan-cara-membuat-kalimat-active-dan-passive-voice/

http://letsgostudyenglish.blogspot.com/2014/07/pengertian-contoh-dan-rumus-passive.html

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